ELD Compliance

What is the ELD Mandate?

The ELD mandate — or the final ELD rule — was published by the FMCSA in 2015. It requires most commercial motor vehicle drivers to install FMCSA-registered ELDs to record their Hours of Service (HOS) data.

The ELD mandate became mandatory on December 18, 2017. The full compliance phase of the final ELD rule started on December 16, 2019.

The primary goal of the ELD mandate is to reduce road accidents by strict enforcement of Hours of Service rules and minimizing driver fatigue.

Is the ELD mandate a law?

The ELD mandate is a US Federal Regulation.

The US Congress also required the adoption of this rule as part of the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) Act.

The MAP-21 includes critical provisions meant to assist the FMCSA to minimize road collisions, injuries, and fatalities involving large commercial motor vehicles (CMVs).

Timeline of the ELD mandate

Here’s a quick review of the ELD mandate timeline:

  • March 2014 — the FMCSA released its ELD proposal
  • December 16, 2015 — the FMCSA published its final ELD rule
  • December 18, 2017 — the ELD mandate became mandatory for non-exempt commercial motor vehicle drivers.
  • December 16, 2019 — the AOBRD grandfather clause ended, which means that AOBRDs could no longer be used for ELD mandate compliance.

Who does the ELD mandate apply to?

The ELD mandate applies to most motor carriers and drivers currently required to keep RODS according to Part 395, 49 CFR 395.8(a) of the Federal Motor Safety Carrier Regulations (FMSCR).

The FMCSA’s ELD mandate also applies to commercial passenger vehicles and Mexico- and Canada-domiciled drivers operating in the US.

ELD mandate exemptions

The ELD mandate applies to most CMV drivers who are required to maintain Record of Duty Status (RODS). However, there are some exceptions. The ELD mandate does not apply to:

  • Drivers who drive vehicles with pre-2000 engines
  • Drivers in certain driveaway-towaway operations
  • Drivers who are not required to maintain a Record of Duty Status (RODS)
  • Drivers who only maintain RODS for 8 days or fewer in a rolling 30-day period
  • Insect and livestock transporters

Learn more about ELD mandate exemptions.

Does the ELD mandate apply to me?

If you’re a commercial driver who does not qualify for any of the above-mentioned exceptions, the ELD mandate will likely apply to you.